Periodontal Treatment & Oral Surgery
Esthetic Gingival Surgery & Full Ceramic Crowns
Periodontal Disease Treatment
Scaling and Root Planing is a non-surgical procedure used to treat gum disease. During the scaling process, specialized dental instruments are used to remove dental plaque and calculus from beneath the gums. Planing is the procedure used to smooth the tooth’s root after the scaling process. Root planing helps the gums heal and reattach themselves to a cleaner and smoother root surface.
If necessary, a surgical procedure can be performed to help regenerate the bone and surrounding tissue. This procedure is often performed to protect your existing teeth and the tissues that keep them in place from further bacterial infection. The gingival tissue is folded back to remove the disease-causing bacteria. Membranes, bone grafts or tissue-stimulating proteins can be used to encourage the body’s natural ability to regenerate bone and tissue.
Gum contouring is a cosmetic periodontic procedure where excess gum tissue is removed in order to provide a more esthetic shape to a patient’s smile.
A patient may choose to have gum contouring performed when too much gum tissue covers the tooth, making the the tooth surface appear unusually small. This reduction of tooth surface can be a result of orthodontic treatment, hormone changes or as a side-effect of certain medications.
Our office uses a diode laser to remove excess gum tissue in a gentle and painless procedure, leaving behind a more attractive smile.
Receding gums, i.e., a decreasing gum area, is a common issue affecting approximately 3 out of 4 adults, and can sometimes be a sign of periodontal disease.
Other causes of gum recession include:
- Forceful brushing of the teeth
- Misaligned bite issue
- Grinding or clenching teeth
The most common treatment for gum recession is gum grafting. Used to treat root exposure resulting from receded gum tissue, gum grafting involves removing tissue from the roof of the mouth or from gum tissue near the tooth. The excised tissue is then stitched into the area needing gingival repair.
When teeth have been missing for an extended period of time, the surrounding bone resorbs or collapses, preventing the placement of dental implants. When the bone is not adequate, bone grafting is a great treatment option to enhance or replace the area of lost bone. Bone can be taken from parts of the body or from synthetic material.
A sinus augmentation is a surgery that adds bone to the patient’s upper jaw in the premolar and molar areas of their mouth. An incision is made to add bone where the premolar and molar teeth were previously located. A small circular shape is made in the bone to access the sinus and the sinus membrane is gently pushed up and away from the upper jaw. Once this is completed, bone grafting material is filled into the space where the sinus was previously located, the incision is closed and the healing process begins.
Often, our doctors can perform both sinus augmentation and implant placements simultaneously to reduce the number of surgical appointments and to shorten healing time.
A tooth that can not be saved with restorative materials may need to be removed. Before removing your tooth, the area will be numbed with anesthesia. The tooth is then loosened using a special dental instrument known as an elevator. After it is loosened from the socket, it is removed by a forcep, a dental instrument commonly used in dental extractions. Stitches may be necessary after the removal of a tooth.